Diabetes Info Guide

Type 2 diabetes

Cause of Diabetes Type 2

Type 2 Diabetes, Which is also known as Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, is a chronic disease which occurs when there is excessive glucose found in a person’s blood. This happens when a person’s body does not properly utilize the insulin that is produced in the pancreas. Insulin, prepared in the beta cells of the pancreas, is used to carry glucose, a simple sugar, into the cells of the body.

For regular body functions this glucose is used by the cells as fuel. If the cells can’t acquire the glucose that they need, it cannot be used as energy and is left trapped in the blood stream.

Since the problem with Type 2 diabetes lies in processing the insulin that is being made, the pancreas cannot decide what is wrong and steps up insulin manufacture to try and make up for it. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, with Type 1 diabetes occurring in as few as 3% of all new diabetes diagnoses.

Diabetes Type 2: Affect on People

While Type 1 diabetes has a rapid onset, Type 2 diabetes occurs gradually. Along with obesity it is often found to occur. Hyperglycemia is a condition that cause from the buildup of glucose in the bloodstream. When people have an insulin resistance, which is the common cause of Type 2 diabetes, high blood sugar levels are usually found as well.

 People that are overweight have a high risk of insulin resistance because of the fact that high levels of fat can meddle with the body’s insulin usage. Although this condition is commonly observed in the overweight, thin people can also develop the disease and be a Type 2 diabetic. Elderly people are also having high risk for developing Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Other important type 2 diabetes symptoms that may establish a person’s risk for Type 2 diabetes include the following:

  • Being African-American, Hispanic, or Native American
  • A history of having gestational diabetes
  • An HDL cholesterol level that is above 250mg/dL or one that is lower than 35mg/dL
  • Being older than 45 years of age
  • Poor diet, and low levels of exercise
  • Excessive body fat, especially when found around the waist area

Common Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

If you believe that you may be at risk for Type 2 diabetes, there are many symptoms to check for to observe if you should research the disease further. If you find yourself always thirsty, needing to urinate too often, and having an increased appetite, it might be a good thought to check with a doctor to see if you may have type 2 diabetes. T

Diabetes Type 2 can be diagnosed by three commonly used methods: the Oral glucose tolerance test, the Random blood glucose level test, and the Fasting blood glucose level test. These tests can decide if your glucose levels are high enough to be allied with an insulin resistance problem that could denote Type 2 diabetes. To help overcome the symptoms and extend your life, if diagnosed, there are many treatments and medications available.

 

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